Britain's oldest geology museum, Scarborough's Rotunda, recognises the work of William Smith, the 'father of English geology'.
Smith single-handedly mapped the geology of Britain for the first time, and invented 'fossil-ordered stratigraphy' – correlating rocks across the country on the basis of the fossils they contain.
The Rotunda was a purpose-built museum, with its circular plan suggested by William Smith himself, then a resident in Scarborough. A painting round the gallery showed a cross-section of the geological formation of the east coast from the Humber to the Tees.
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